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A Comprehensive Guide to the Cathedral of Barcelona - History, Architecture, and Must-See Highlights

Introduction

The Cathedral of Barcelona, also known as the Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia, is one of the most iconic and historic landmarks in the city of Barcelona, Spain. This magnificent Gothic cathedral, located in the heart of the Gothic Quarter, is an architectural masterpiece that has been the center of religious life in the city for over 700 years. In this guide, we will explore the fascinating history, architecture, and must-see highlights and the history of the Cathedral of Barcelona.

History of Cathedral of Barcelona:

The Cathedral of Barcelona was built between the 13th and 15th centuries, on the site of a former Visigothic church. The cathedral is dedicated to Saint Eulalia, the co-patron saint of Barcelona, who was martyred during the Roman Empire's persecution of Christians. The cathedral was also the site of the coronation of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, the monarchs who completed the Reconquista and sponsored Christopher Columbus's voyages to the New World.

The cathedral's construction spanned several centuries, with various architects leaving their mark on the building. The original design was Gothic, with later additions in the Renaissance and Baroque styles. The cathedral's fa├žade was not completed until the 19th century, when it was designed by the Catalan architect Josep Oriol Mestres.

Architecture of Cathedral of Barcelona:

The Cathedral of Barcelona's architecture is a blend of Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles. The most striking feature of the cathedral is its 70-meter-high bell tower, which offers breathtaking views of the city. The tower, known as the Torre de Santa Eulalia, is named after the cathedral's co-patron saint, who is entombed in the cathedral's crypt.

The interior of the cathedral is equally impressive, with a nave that is 90 meters long and 25 meters wide, making it one of the largest Gothic churches in Spain. The cathedral's most notable features include the stunning stained-glass windows, the choir stalls, and the high altar. The choir stalls, carved in the 15th century, are considered some of the finest examples of Gothic woodcarving in Europe. The high altar, which dates back to the 16th century, is a masterpiece of Renaissance art, featuring intricate sculptures and reliefs.

Must-See Highlights of Cathedral of Barcelona:

  • The Crypt: The crypt is the final resting place of Saint Eulalia, the cathedral's co-patron saint, whose tomb is adorned with beautiful sculptures and carvings.
  • The Choir Stalls: The choir stalls, located in the nave of the cathedral, are a must-see highlight for their intricate woodcarvings.
  • The High Altar: The high altar, located in the apse of the cathedral, is a stunning example of Renaissance art.
  • The Cloister: The cathedral's peaceful cloister is a tranquil oasis in the heart of the bustling Gothic Quarter, featuring a beautiful fountain and a collection of medieval artifacts.


Conclusion:

The Cathedral of Barcelona is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in history, architecture, or religion. Its fascinating history, breathtaking architecture, and must-see highlights make it one of the most important landmarks in Barcelona. Whether you're a history buff, an art lover, or a spiritual seeker, the Cathedral of Barcelona is sure to leave a lasting impression. So, make sure to add it to your list of must-see destinations when visiting Barcelona, and take the time to explore its many wonders, including the crypt, the choir stalls, the high altar, and the cloister.

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